The Political Economy of China's Provinces: Competitive and Comparative Advantage
Traditionally, political scientists and economists have seen China as a single entity and business people have seen China as a single market. This book challenges the notion of a centralised and unified China, and outlines how provinces are taking on new economic and political roles, forced upon them by decentralisation.It is the most thorough data on contemporary Chinese provinces available and will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students of politics, economics and business as well as Asian studies.
limits its flexibility in developing projects on its own initiative. What is more, the higher returns to be found in the coastal region have led to a flow of capital out of Shaanxi.50 Shaanxi 87 Implications The above analysis demonstrates that the scope for initiative in developmental policies in Shaanxi is subject to strong locational, structural and fiscal constraints. These constraints have acted as a brake on the ability of the province to respond to the economic and administrative
Shaanxi 97 and Xi’an in order to promote its economy and to keep an eye on its markets. These various activities involve direct contacts and do not have to be managed through the provincial level of government. They centre entirely on the practical processes of economic interaction. They do not create institutional mechanisms which replace provincial authority, but they underline the way in which market integration is encouraging the growth of linkages outside the channels of the
straw houses and safe drinking water, counties and poverty alleviation townships are not permitted to build new office buildings, are not permitted to buy prestige cars, are not permitted to build high-class hotels and are not permitted additional mobile phones.122 In conclusion, the document provides some additional concrete measures. It promises to assist fiscal debt in the impoverished areas. For 1997 it allocates 23 million yuan for roads in impoverished areas, including 13 million yuan in
example for the role of demand is, of course, Guangdong, with Hong Kong as a quasi domestic market. For Guangdong the Hong Kong market, quite apart from its other effects, has produced changes in factor conditions, local demand and industry structures which in turn have enabled the province to improve its position in the national market. More sophisticated buyers’ markets are assumed to exist in the urban centres and provinces with higher living standards. The existence of related and supporting
newly emerging medium-sized industrial cities, such as Shashi and Yichang, had the highest emigration rates. The emigration rate of Shashi during this period was 13.264 per cent, and that of Yichang 11.736 per cent. The migratory preference of the population was influenced by topographic characteristics. The migratory preference in plains was higher than that in mountainous areas: both immigration rates and emigration rates were higher in 170 Zhao Ling Yun Table 5.10 Directions of migration