The chronotope of enchantment
Camilla Asplund Ingemark
An examination of, "how enchantment affects temporal and spatial relations in the texts, or, in other words, how it changes their chronotope, and with it, how it alters the image of man as constructed in the narratives."
assumption that wholeness, unity, and individuality (i.e., our sense of subjectivity) are something we receive from others and in interaction with others. The failure of the victims of enchantment is thus twofold: they are unable to receive wholeness, unity, and individuality from others, and they are equally unsuccessful in giving it to others. Bakhtin designated this process by the term ﬁnalization, which involves giving the other a spatial (physical) and temporal (mental) form. This action is
kyrkan. Till slut ﬁck hon lov, men hon 24 Camilla Asplund Ingemark skulle inte få vara där tills prästen läste välsignelsen. Första gången var allt svart för ögonen för henne och hon kände inte någon. Andra gången var hon inne tills prästen läste välsignelsen. Då blev hon synlig för folket och började känna folket. Då såg hon att hon hade bara trasor på sig. Prästen lade sina händer på henne, så trollet ﬁck inte henne mer. (SLS 28, 3:69–70) 1b) he va in gang i metsjipe in ﬂikku, såm vala kåur
was the use of instructions for ﬁeldworkers; these instructions usually insured the inclusion of a minimum of contextual information, but they might also have determined the kinds of material deemed interesting by collectors. The severe scrutiny the collections had to undergo by their employers may have tempted ﬁeldworkers to “polish” their material prior to submission in order to gain approval. Finally, the personal preferences of individual collectors probably had an impact as well (Bergman
the multispatiality of the site. We have seen how the construction of space is interwoven with the construction of the image of man in narrative and how Christianity may provide a basis for both. God can interfere with the spatial ordering of the world(s) and has given man the building blocks of his identity. Temporal Relations in Enchantment The alteration of temporal relations in enchantment is an important feature in some narratives, especially if the temporal ﬂow of the otherworld differs
What the concept of the chronotope provides is a tool for articulating the popular conceptions about the nature of human agency and action and the constitution of human identity in folk narrative (cf. Morson and Emerson 1990:369–70). Bakhtin’s own work regarding the chronotope of folkloric material is sometimes far from helpful (cf. Lindahl 1996 for a similar critique of Bakhtin’s interpretation of the Mardi Gras). His most extended discussion of the folkloric chronotope presents it as an