Cognitive Linguistics and Non-Indo-European Languages (Cognitive Linguistics Research)
Gary B. Palmer
This book applies the theory of cognitive linguistics to the analysis of a variety of grammatical phenomena in non-Indo-European languages. In previous studies of languages from non-Indo-European families, cognitive linguistics has been remarkably useful in explaining non-prototypical structures as well as more common ones. The book expands that effort into a new set of families and languages.
suffix is attached to verbs of time or quantity. With them it means finality in the sense that the end of a sequence has been reached. It is also used with verbs such as arrive or overcome to indicate that a certain stretch of time has ended.” For example, the verb carataanchi ‘to comprise’ is used to refer to something that is composed of more than one member. “With the addition of -apa the implication is that the last of the members which comprise the total has been reached.” When used with the
ru-tunuuce-1e b. a-uu-ta´-haa out-that-across-swollen art refl-knee-on way ‘His knee is swollen all the way around.’ The use of a-uu-ta´- in (2 a) indicates that the breakage extends all around the pot, cleanly separating it into two roughly equally sized parts, regardless of whether the pot is broken down the middle from top to bottom or is broken horizontally from side to side. In a similar fashion, the use of a-uu-ta´- in (2 b) indicates that the swollenness at the joint of the speaker’s knee
cewanı´ in (3 d); ordinary nouns, however, are not eligible for this role, as shown in (3 e). As modifiers of nouns, human characteristics seem to qualify as adjectives, just as they seem to qualify as nouns based on their behaviour as syntactic actants; however, given the fact that human characteristics have so many nominal morphosyntactic properties, it is more likely that their attributive uses shown in (3) are extended uses. This seems especially plausible in that human characteristics in
Mandinka where their special status is recognized by the use of a dedicated set of (optional) possessive constructions, to Upper Necaxa, where the possessors of such nouns are profiled landmarks and become obligatorily elaborated expressions of fully individuable entities. 2.3. Deverbal nouns Classificatory landmarks and conceptual autonomy also come into play in the analysis of deverbal nominals such as explosion or (an)attack. Verbs such as (to)attack are clearly the expressions of
Chinese: What do we do and mean with “hands” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 Ning Yu Japanese and Korean What cognitive linguistics can reveal about complementation in non-IE languages: Case studies from Japanese and Korean . . . . . 363 Kaoru Horie Zibun reflexivization in Japanese: A Cognitive Grammar approach Satoshi Uehara 389 Europe: Finnish Subjectivity and the use of Finnish emotive verbs . . . . . . . . . . . 405 Mari Siiroinen Comparisons and contrasts