ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī’s Philosophical Journey: From Aristotle’s Metaphysics to the ‘Metaphysical Science’ (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science: Texts and Studies, Volume 88)
Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
The present work provides a detailed account of the available data on ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī’s biography, an outline of his philosophical thought, and a detailed analysis of his reworking of pre-Avicennian Greek and Arabic metaphysics.
(al-ʿilm al-madanī), the science of law (ʿilm al-fiqh) and the science of dialectic theology (ʿilm al-kalām). Cf. Rosenthal–Walzer (1943), 7.15 (textus arabicus); Mahdi (2001), 141 note 7.1; Mahdi, (1968), 22–27, 67–76; cf. Mahdi (1975), 113–147. Regarding the order of development of the various syllogistic arts cf. Mahdi (1972a), 5–25. This study is also found in Mahdi (1993), 81–103. biography of ʿabd al-laṭīf al-baġdādī161 essence is not an end in itself, but is that which must
al-Bakrī the famous Sunni mystic. He was the author of The Manners of the Adepts (Adab al-muridin), one of the most widely read handbook of mystical training. He was born in Suhraward in 1097 and around 1113 went to Baghdad where he studied ḥadīṯ, Islamic law according to the Šāfiʿī current, Arabic grammar and literature, exegesis (tafsīr) and theology (uṣūl al-dīn). At about the age of twenty-five he abandoned the courses he was following at the Niẓāmiyya mosque to lead a solitary ascetic life.
practice totally alien to the anatomic-physiological basis of symptoms and was wholly linked to clinical phenomena and the classification of symptoms and medicines.167 The Methodist sect of Stoic and Epicurean inspiration, for which human life was the natural place for moral and physical suffering, held that the human body was formed of atoms which could not be perceived by the senses and which were in continual movement through pores and channels. According to this sect, illness came about in
teachable: Thessalus of Tralles, one of the most well-known Methodist doctors in the time of Nero, maintained in fact that he could teach medicine in six months. The Methodists’ teaching was in fact characterized by three fundamental notions: the phenomenon, the community, and the indication. The phenomenon was what was apparent and could be perceived by the senses. The doctor could enlarge the field of phenomena by using instruments which allowed him to make further observations (they used for
editorial work.28 The three most ancient catalogues have been edited and studied by I. Düring.29 They have come down to us in Diogenes Laertius’s biography (third century ad),30 in the anonymous Vita Menagiana, traceable back to the Onomatologos of Hesychius of Miletus (fifth-sixth centuries ad), and finally, in an Arabic translation. We find this Arabic translation namely, in a biobibliographical work on Aristotle which contains his life and the catalogue of his works, ascribed to a certain